Was it a coup? Democracy and Constitutionality in the 2016 Brazilian Impeachment Process

In 2016 the Brazilian Congress impeached the country’s elected president, Ms. Dilma Rousseff. Despite significant popular approval for impeachment, accusations of unconstitutionality and undemocratic conduct have arisen within various sectors of Brazilian society. As of 2018 thirteen Brazilian public universities have launched classes about the “2016 Coup,” indicating a perceived break in constitutional order. This dissertation investigates these claims, evaluating the accusations and the legal procedures for their constitutional compliance and their underlying nature concerning the relationship between governmental power and civil and political rights.